Alexander Boris de Pfeffel Johnson (born 19 June 1964) is a British politician, popular historian, author, and journalist who has served as Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs since 2016Â and as the Member of Parliament (MP) forUxbridge and South Ruislip since 2015. He previously served as Mayor of London from 2008 until 2016 and as MP for Henley fromÂ 2001 until 2008. A member of the Conservative Party, Johnson identifies as a One-Nation Conservative and liberal conservative and has been associated with both economically liberal and socially liberal policies.
Born in New York City to upper middle-class English parents, Johnson was educated at the European School of Brussels, Ash down House School, and Eton College. He studied Classics at Balliol College, Oxford, where he was elected president of the Oxford Unionin 1986. Beginning his career in journalism at The Times, he later became The Daily Telegraphâ€˜s Brussels correspondent, with his articles exerting a strong influence on growing Eurosceptic sentiment among the British right-wing. He became assistant editor from 1994 to 1999 before taking the editorship of The Spectator from 1999 to 2005. Joining the Conservatives, he was elected MP for Henley in 2001 and under Conservative leaders Michael Howard and David Cameron he served on the Shadow Cabinet. Mostly adhering to the Conservative party line, he nevertheless adopted a more socially liberal stance on issues like LGBT rights during parliamentary votes. Making regular television appearances, authoring books, and remaining active in journalism, Johnson became one of the most conspicuous politicians in Britain.
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Selected as Conservative candidate for the London mayoral election of 2008, Johnson defeated Labour incumbent Ken LivingstoneÂ and resigned his seat in parliament. During his first term as mayor, he banned alcohol consumption on public transport, introduced the New Routemaster buses and cycle hire scheme, and championed Londonâ€™s financial sector. In 2012, he was re-elected mayor, again defeating Livingstone; during his second term he oversaw the 2012 Summer Olympics. In 2015 he was elected MP for Uxbridge and South Ruislip, stepping down as mayor the following year and becoming a prominent figure in the successful Vote Leave campaign to withdraw the United Kingdom from the European Union.
Johnson was born on 19 June 1964 at a hospital on Manhattanâ€™s Upper East Side in New York City.Â His birth was registered with both the US authorities and the cityâ€™s British Consulate, and he was granted both American and British citizenship.Â His father, the British Stanley Johnson, was studying economics at Columbia University.Â Â Stanley was the grandson of the Turkish journalist Ali Kemal on the paternal side,while on his maternal side he was of mixed English and French descent and was a distant descendant of King George II of Great Britain.Â Stanley had married Johnsonâ€™s mother, Charlotte Johnson Wahl (nÃ©e Fawcett),Â in 1963, prior to their move to the US; she was an artist from a family of liberal intellectuals.Â Johnson was given his middle name of â€œBorisâ€ after a Russian Ã©migrÃ© the couple had once met in Mexico.
Johnsonâ€™s parents were then living in an apartment opposite the Chelsea Hotel,Â although they soon embarked on a tour of Canada and New England with their newborn.Â Â In September 1964 they returned to Britain, enabling Charlotte to undertake a degree at the University of Oxford.Â She lived with her son in Summertown, Oxford, and gave birth to a daughter, Rachel, in 1965.Â In July 1965 the family moved to Crouch End in North London;Â in February 1966 they relocated to Washington D.C., where Stanley had gained a job with the World Bank.Â A third child, Leo, was born in September 1967, while Charlotte took up the painting for which she would become publicly known.Â Stanley then gained employment with a policy panel on population control, in June moving the family to Norwalk, Connecticut.
VIDEO: The very best of London Mayor and MP for Uxbridge, Boris Johnson.
Johnson has dual citizenship in both the United Kingdom and the United States, since he was born in New York City to English parents. In 2014 Johnson acknowledged he was disputing a demand for capital gains tax from the US tax authorities,Â which ultimately he paid.Â In February 2015 Boris Johnson announced his intention to give up US citizenship to prove his loyalty to the UK.
Johnson is the eldest of the four children of Stanley Johnson, a former Conservative Member of the European Parliament and employee of the European Commission and World Bank, and the painter Charlotte Johnson Wahl (nÃ©e Fawcett),Â the daughter of Sir James Fawcett, a barristerÂ and president of the European Commission of Human Rights
SOURCE: WIKIPEDIA,Â Biography Media