Biography/Proflile/History Of The Late Former Israeli President “Shimon Peres”


Shimon Peres

Shimon Peres was a former Prime Minister and President of Israel. He was one of the most seasoned politicians of Israel with a political career spanning over six decades.

He served in several military and diplomatic posts at the time of the ‘War of Independence’ of Israel. Immediately after the war, he served as Deputy Director-General of Defense and later Director General. A Polish-born Israeli statesman, he remained a member of twelve cabinets, being first elected to the Knesset in November 1959.

He continuously served the Knesset till 2007 barring a three months break in 2006. In Knesset he represented five different parties at different times namely ‘Rafi’, ‘Israeli Labor Party’, Mapai, ‘Kadima’ and the ‘Alignment’.

He also remained Interim Prime Minister for a couple of times. He became the President of Israel in June 2007 and served a term of seven years. During his tenure as foreign minister of Israel he aided in negotiating a peace accord with the then chairman of the ‘Palestine Liberation Organisation’, Yāsir ʿArafāt. Both of them along with Yitzhak Rabin, the then Prime Minister of Israel, received the ‘Nobel Peace Prize’ jointly in 1994 for peace efforts.all

Quick Facts
Political Leaders, Prime Ministers, Presidents
Szymon Perski, Fmr P.M. Shimon Peres
Former President of Israel
Israeli    Famous Israeli Men
02 August 1923 AD
2nd August

Leo    Leo Men

Wiszniew, Poland
28 September 2016 AD
Yitzhak Perski
Sara Perski
Gershon Perski
Sonya Gelman
Yoni Peres, Zvia Valdan, Nehemia Peres
Ben Shemen Youth Village
Harvard University
New York University
The New School
Peres Center for Peace
Childhood & Early Life
  • He was born on August 2, 1923, as Szymon Perski in Wiszniew, Poland in the family of Yitzhak Perski and Sara Perski. His father was an affluent timber merchant and his mother worked as a librarian.

  • He was raised at the house of his grandfather, Rabbi Zvi Meltzer who educated him and taught him Talmud. His grandfather had a great influence in his early life.

  • His father moved to Tel Aviv in 1932 and the family joined his father in 1934. In Tel Aviv he studied in ‘Balfour Elementary School’ and ‘Balfour High School’ and later at ‘Geula Gymnasium’. Thereafter, he attended Ben Shemen agricultural school.

  • For many years he stayed in Kibbutz Geva. He was a co-founder of Kibbutz Alumot.

  • In 1941 he became the Secretary of a ‘Labor Zionist’ youth movement called the ‘Hanoar Haoved Vehalomed’.

  • After coming back to Alumot he became secretary of the Kibbutz and led life as a shepherd and dairy farmer.

  • The ‘Holocaust’ massacre during the reign of the Nazis claimed lives of all his relatives living in Wiszniew in 1941.

  • When he was twenty he became one of the twelve elected members of the ‘Working and Learning Youth’ national secretariat of which only two including him were ‘Mapai’ party supporters. He led the movement after three years and went on to win a majority.

  • He was inducted in the secretariat of ‘Mapai’ by its head David Ben-Gurion.

  • He led an illegal quest encompassing a group of teenagers, an archaeologist, a zoologist and a Palmach scout to the restricted military zone at Negev in 1944. While the idea of the expedition was that of Yitzhak Sadeh, the Palmach head, it was funded by David Ben-Gurion. However, a British officer leading a Bedouin camel patrol arrested the group and interned them in a local jail in Beersheba for two weeks, Shimon Peres had to pay additional fine.

  • He and Moshe Dayan were made the youth delegates in the 1946 ‘Mapai’ delegation to the ‘Zionist Congress’.

  • He enlisted in the ‘Haganah’, a Jewish paramilitary organisation in 1947 and was delegated with the responsibility of arm purchase and personnel management.

  • In early 1950s he served as the director of the delegation of Defence Ministry in the US. There he attended ‘The New School’ and the ‘New York University’ and learnt English, philosophy and economics. He also attended ‘Harvard University’ to study advanced management.

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