After a two-hour interview with the middle-aged dark-complexioned man in his office on VI Lagos, Sarah Abiodun, a marine engineer, thought she had secured a job with the shipping company.
â€œHe told me I performed excellently. I felt good. I also knew I did. I was prepared for the interview. I have what any shipping company could be looking for. I have the needed quality, skill, certification to excel on the job,â€ she said.
But within just few minutes after the interview, her optimism turned sour. She would later learn that getting a job at the company was not just about interview, but bedroom thingsâ€¦
She said, â€œHe said I needed to come and spend one weekend with him at a hotel in Lekki. I asked him what that was all about. He replied, â€˜Donâ€™t tell me you donâ€™t know what Iâ€™m asking for. You are not a kid. You have all it takes to work here.â€™ I was heartbroken. I knew I had lost the job right there because I wouldnâ€™t sleep with a man to get any job in my life.â€
Abiodun left sorrowfully that day, but few days later, she got another call for an interview at a shipping firm in Apapa, where there are a number of ports and terminals operated by the Nigerian Ports Authority and commercial offices of many shipping, clearing and transportation companies.
Surprisingly, she said, â€œAfter the interview, my interviewer wanted us to have s*x right there in his office. I had to take to my heels immediately.â€
Since then, Abiodun, trained at Arab Academy for Science and Technology and Maritime Transport, Alexandria, Egypt, has been worried whether she would be able to practise her profession.
â€œThey are always asking for s*x before they would employ me and Iâ€™m tired. I have friends who are experiencing the same thing,â€ she lamented.
Apart from s*xual harassment, Abiodun said she had also been facing gender discrimination by some shipping companies who said they wouldnâ€™t employ her because she is a woman.
She said, â€œOther companies Iâ€™ve applied to, they told me it was their policy not to employ women. This gender discrimination started when I was in school. Some lecturers treated us as equals to men. However, I was surprised that while doing some courses and certifications, some lecturers asked us what we women were doing in the academy.
â€œBut the question that usually popped in my mind was why did they admit us in the first place? Didnâ€™t they see that we were women? While going for job interviews, I am surprised that this question always comes up. Why do shipping firms discriminate against us? If I donâ€™t work, my certificate will expire in January 2017 and I have to renew it. But how can I renew it when I have not yet started working and donâ€™t have money?â€
Abiodun is even more bothered because even though she has not yet started working, she has started facing s*xual harassment and gender discrimination.
â€œWhat will now happen when I finally secure a job?â€ she asked.
â€œImagine dating a boss, he would not want to give me work to do and I would just be idle on-board, but in the long run, I would not improve. When Iâ€™m on-board, Iâ€™m not here to look for men.â€
Through hard work without sleeping with any boss, she is now a ship captain.
Akunna said if she had not stood her ground, she would not have been able to be who she is today.
She said, â€œWhen I was looking for job, among all the applicants, only two of us were females. The company officials looked at us annoyingly as if we were dumbheads. One of them even asked us, â€˜Are you sure youâ€™re going to pass this interview?â€™ But we proved them wrong.
â€œBoth of us ladies were the best. Up till now, we ladies do more to prove them wrong. When I was a cadet, they used me. I worked very hard. When some people see me today, they think Iâ€™m a pampered girl because of the way I look, but if you see my hands, you will know that itâ€™s not easy. I carried hammer and all sorts of tools. There is no tool I cannot use.â€
Asked how life on the sea has been, Akunna said, â€œNot easy, but when you do what you love, itâ€™s easy. My family canâ€™t sometimes reach me because when Iâ€™m on the sea, there might not be network to make or receive calls. But I have a supportive family who understands what itâ€™s like to pursue your passion.â€
This is also what has kept Uche Okocha, a ship captain, going in the face of s*xual harassment and gender discrimination since 11 years ago when she started her career.
She said, â€œMy job deals with the movement of cargo and people from place to place and the maintenance of ship. Iâ€™ve been at sea since 2005 and I started my career with a company called Genesis Worldwide. I can say that was the only company that was willing to accept female seafarers then. In fact, the owner of the company was passionate about getting women employed as long as theyâ€™re qualified. He used to encourage us and monitor us to excel just like men.
â€œI searched for jobs at almost all the shipping firms at Apapa. Some of the companies told us outright that they could not employ women because of petty reasons. They said women were troublesome. They said they didnâ€™t want women problems.
â€œHe tried to cook up allegations that I was lazy, stubborn and didnâ€™t listen to instructions. Meanwhile, my hard work was there for everyone to see. Eventually, his allegations were thrown out.â€
If NIMASA that supervises the sector had done a lot, perhaps Sherifat Jimba, 27, would have been able to secure a job, but she has yet to due to find any gender discrimination.
While studying in Egypt, she was employed as a deck cadet at a shipping firm, but since returning to Nigeria, most companies she applied to said they would not employ a woman.
â€œThey said they were not looking for women seafarers. Some said the timing is wrong due to pirate attacks.. Meanwhile, my certificate will expire next year. With this discrimination, how will I pursue my passion?â€ she asked.
For the ladies seafarers who have been able to overcome this
challenge and are now employed, working on-board with male
colleagues is yet another challenge.
But spokesperson for NIMASA, Mrs. Lami Tumaka, said women seafarers experiencing any form of s*xual harassment and gender discrimination should not hesitate to report to the agency.
â€œWe already have policies guarding against these practices and they are being effected.â€