Ontario has released its final regulations to ban police from randomly stopping people to collect personal information, a practice known as carding or street checks.
The regulations, which were first posted last October for public comment, set out what the government calls â€œclear and consistent rulesâ€ for voluntary police-public interactions.
Race is prohibited from being any part of a police officerâ€™s reason for attempting to collect someoneâ€™s identifying information.
The new rules were announced this morning by Yasir Naqvi, Ontarioâ€™sÂ community safety and correctional services minister.
â€‹â€Police officers cannot collect your information based on the way you look or the neighbourhood you live in,â€ saidÂ Naqvi, who touted the rules as the â€œfirst right-based framework surrounding police interactions in Ontarioâ€™s history.â€
Starting Jan. 1, 2017, police must tell people they have a right not to talk with them, and refusing to co-operate or walking away cannot then be used as reasons to compel information.
However, police can gather personal information during routine traffic stops, when someone is being arrested or detained, or when a search warrant is executed. The new rules will also not apply to police undercover operations.
The Liberal government said it wanted to ban arbitrary stops after hearing from too many people of colour and aboriginal men and women, who said the Human Rights Code was being ignored by police who stopped them for no apparent reason.