Toyota to begin selling hydrogen fuel cell vehicle (FCV) called ‘Mirai’ in Japan,US & Europe in December There will only be a few hundred, and they won’t be cheap, but Toyota is about to take its first small step into the unproven market for emissions-free, hydrogen-powered vehicles. The world’s largest carmaker announced on Tuesday that it will begin selling fuel cell cars in Japan on 15 December, 2014, and in the US and Europe in mid-2015. The sporty-looking, four-door Toyota Mirai will retail for 6.7m yen (US$57,600) before taxes. Toyota Motor Corp hopes to sell 400 in Japan and 300 in the rest of the world in the first year.
Fuel cell vehicles run on compressed hydrogen gas, which in the Mirai’s case is stored in two tanks mounted underneath the vehicle. They emit no exhaust, although fossil fuels are used to produce hydrogen and to pressurise it.
Both Honda and Hyundai are also experimenting with limited sales and leases of fuel cell cars. Apart from the relatively high cost, buyers will have to contend with finding fuel. Only a few dozen hydrogen filling stations have been built worldwide, although governments are subsidising more being built. It’s an uncertain future that depends both on whether makers can bring down the price, and a wide enough network of filling stations is built. Yoshikazu Tanaka, deputy chief engineer for Toyota’s next generation vehicle development, said he expects it will take 10 to 20 years for the Mirai to reach sales in the tens of thousands of vehicles a year. Asked if it’s a risk, he said yes, but Toyota views it as a challenge. Likening it to a chicken and egg situation, he said if you say it’s too risky and don’t move forward with production, the number of filling stations will never grow.
Toyota faced a similar scenario with its gasoline-electric hybrid, the Prius, which now sells in big numbers. “It was a big challenge when we first introduced the Prius, or hybrid car, in 1997,” he said in an interview in Tokyo. “And it’s an even bigger challenge this time because there is no infrastructure, and we’re trying to lead” the commercialisation of fuel cell cars. SEE MORE ON PAGE 2